- Deforestation and habitat destruction.
- Agricultural fires.
- Erosion and soil degradation.
- Overexploitation of living resources including hunting and over-collection of species from the wild.
- Introduction of alien species.
You can read all about it at wildmadagascar.org
How did it come to this?
The industrial revolution has hardly touched this place. At every turn you see people at work, not machines at work. People dig fields with shovels, not tractors. They carry or pull their loads. They make crushed rock by taking a hammer and cold chisel to large chunks of granite.
The majority of homes are not connected to an electricity supply.
When it comes to their carbon footprint the Malagasy lead exemplary lives. Their environment is going to hell in a handcart.
It is worth noting that the main source of cooking fuel is charcoal. That’s what the guy has on his back in the sack capped with grass to stop it falling out. That’s what the wood in the photo below is destined to become. The two men have dragged the three wheel cart up the hill. The journey down is gravity assisted and not without hazard.
The European Union gives its blessing to burning an American forest in one of England’s power stations. Renewable … but it would require the consumption of the entirety of British forests to keep it going and it would not be renewed in our grandchildren’s lifetime.
Conservation is the privilege of affluent nations. For poor nations survival is the only priority. Energy poverty is not the saviour of our world.